Human Trafficking in Conflict: Context, Causes and the Military

This edited book examines the different forms of human trafficking that manifest in conflict and post-conflict settings and considers how the military may help to address or even facilitate it. It explores how conflict can facilitate human trafficking, how it can manifest through a variety of case studies, followed by a discussion of the reasons why the military should include a stronger consideration of human trafficking within their strategic planning given the multiple scenarios in which military forces come into contact with victims of human trafficking, and how this ought to be done. Human Trafficking in Conflict draws on the expertise of scholars and practitioners to develop the existing conversations and to offer multiple perspectives. It includes a discussion of existing frameworks and perspectives including legal and policy, and whether they are configured to address human trafficking in conflict.

Book contents:

  1. Introduction

  2. Typology

  3. Unavoidable Exploitation? Conflict, Agency and Human Trafficking

  4. Human Trafficking, Conflict and Money Flows

  5. Russia’s Private Military Forces: A Dual Layer of Human Trafficking?

  6. What Are the Drivers of Children’s Decision to Enlist in Armed Groups? A Case Study from Antioquia, Colombia

  7. Occurrence of Human Trafficking in a Conflict/Peacebuilding Context: Bosnian Experience

  8. Helping to Keep Those Serving Honourably, Honourable: Trafficking in Persons and the United States Uniform Code of Military Justice

  9. The Due Diligence Duty and the Role of the Military in the Identification and Protection of Human Trafficking Victims

  10. Legal Responsibility of the Military Commander to Prevent or Punish the Acts of Human Trafficking Under the Rome Statute

  11. Applying the Non-punishment Principle to Returnees from Terrorist Organisations

  12. Trafficking and Child Sexual Violence in Afghanistan: The Military’s Role in Combating Human Trafficking

  13. How Definitions of ‘Child Soldiers’ Exclude Girls from Demobilisation Efforts

  14. The Role of Regional Organizations in Addressing Human Trafficking in Conflict: The Cases of NATO and the EU

  15. Human Security Analysis for Military Planning: Lessons Learnt from Developing a Risk Assessment on Human Trafficking

  16. Incorporating Human Security Considerations into Military Planning: Some Suggestions